Eventing derives from a military tradition. The first such competition was organised in Paris in 1902, since 1912 it has been an Olympic discipline. Eventing comprises three tests: Dressage, Cross-Country and Jumping. Their aim was to demonstrate skills, endurance and speed of horses as well as their elegance and the harmony between horse and rider.
A Dressage test consists in performance of certain figures within a rectangular arena 60 m long and 20 m wide. Judges access the precision and elegance of the performance, obedience of the horse, its movements at walk, trot and canter gaits, and also mounting the horse.
The Cross-Country test takes place on a varied terrain with solid obstacles. The competitors have to cover, depending on the class of competition, a distance of 2600 – 6400 m, at a pace of 520 – 570 m/min, on the course there are 18 – 40 obstacles up to 120 cm high. There must be an alternative to very difficult obstacles, which is easier, but more time-consuming.
The Jumping test is a precision test, obstacles are 110 – 125 cm high and even light knocking results in fall or refusal, and, as a consequence, penalty points. A competition on the parcours tests horse’s conditio after the endurance tests.